If you need to part company with a director, for the good of the business, it may not be appropriate to follow your disciplinary procedure. Our Employment Law team look at your options.
Reason for the termination
Two of the most common reasons for terminating a director's contract are poor performance, leading to the board losing confidence in the director, and a personality clash.
You should first decide what the reason is for the exit, as it will have an impact on the claims the executive may have and therefore on the level of compensation you will need to pay. For example, you must consider whether the director has done something that amounts to gross misconduct so that you would be entitled to terminate their employment without notice. If, on the other hand, their role is redundant, they will be entitled to work their notice period or receive a payment in lieu of notice. You also need to consider whether the employee has any potential legal claims, as that will have to be taken into account in the compensation package.
A settlement offer should reflect the potential legal claims the director may have, as well as the commercial advantage of achieving an amicable and quick settlement. Employers do not want to be seen to reward failure so a balancing exercise will have to be carried out. You should also review the director's service agreement to see what it provides for in the event of termination.
The compensation will include some or all of the following:
All discussions about the severance package should be conducted on a 'without prejudice' basis so that, if the negotiations break down, the employee cannot refer to them in any later litigation. In order for this label to work, the discussion must be a genuine attempt to resolve an existing dispute. Pre-termination negotiations cannot be referred to in an unfair dismissal case unless the employer has behaved improperly. The negotiations should also be 'subject to contract' so that the agreement is not binding until it has been signed.
We would always recommend entering into what is known as a 'settlement agreement' with the executive. This is a legally binding agreement under which the employer agrees to pay a certain sum to the director, in return for their agreement not to bring any contractual or statutory employment claims against the company. As well as terms relating to the payment and the waiving of legal claims, it is normal for the settlement agreement to deal with matters such as:
The director must take legal advice on the agreement and it is normal practice for the employer to pay a contribution towards the employee's legal fees.
The taxation of termination payments is a complex area. It may be possible for some or all of the compensation to be paid tax free, depending on the circumstances. However, we recommend that you take advice from your accountant to ensure that you deal correctly with the tax and National Insurance contributions payable on the package.
In addition to the areas set out above, you may need to consider doing the following:
Some of the issues that can arise on an executive termination can be anticipated and avoided by having a carefully drafted service agreement.